Autoimmune Arthritis

Posted by Dr.Tanushree (PT) on May 20, 2019 10:58:56 AM

Autoimmune Arthritis is a group of arthritis where a person’s immune system attacks itself. Rheumatoid Arthritis and Psoriatic Arthritis are the most common form of Autoimmune Arthritis. 

 

Autoimmune-arthritis-Blog


There are various types of Autoimmune Arthritis:


Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a type of inflammatory arthritis and autoimmune disease. RA disease is characterized by chronic joint inflammation (in the fingers, hands, knees, feet, for example).

1. Rheumatoid Arthritis

2. Psoriatic Arthritis

3. Ankylosing Spondylosis

4. Juvenile Arthritis, also known as Juvenile RA

5. Rheumatoid arthritis

Symptoms of Autoimmune Arthritis vary depend on the specific underlying arthritis type like:

1. Fatigue

2. Fever

3. Joint pain/Stiffness

4. Weight loss

5. Swelling

6. Reduced range of motion

7. Weakness

8. Anemia

9. Dry Mouth

10. Chest pain

11. Deformed joints

12. Hard bumps of tissue (nodules) under the skin on your arms

13. Difficulty sleeping

14. Eye inflammation, dry eyes, itchy eyes, eye discharge

Rheumatic Arthritis is a chronic disease affecting over 1.3 million Americans and as much as of the worldwide population.

Specific symptoms vary between types of autoimmune arthritis:

Psoriatic Arthritis can cause a condition called enthesititis, tender spots on areas where ligaments and tendons connect to bones. 

Diagnosis:

Autoimmune Arthritis can be treated by specialist doctors called Rheumatologists.

Diagnostic tests for autoimmune arthritis may include:

1. Imaging scans such as X-rays, CT scans or MRI scans to identify areas of joint damage.

2. Blood testing such as RBC, ESR and Rheumatoid factor.

3. Tissue samples can confirm conditions such as psoriasis.

Treatment:
1. Medications:

Mild forms can benefit from NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications). For other types, doctors might prescribe DMARDs (disease modifying anti rheumatic drugs.

If DMARDs are not effective then Biologic Agents can be used.

2. Lifestyle changes:

Exercises like low impact Tai chi, Yoga, Pilates, Stretching, Walking, Water exercises etc. can be hugely beneficial for relieving pain and joint stiffness.

Anti-inflammatory diet: Researchers have identified certain foods that can help control inflammation.

Stress Management: Stress can flare up symptoms. Relaxing techniques maybe helpful.

Weight reduction: Extra weight on joints puts stresses joints.

Topics: exercise, Disease, Health, Pain, diagnosis

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