Osteoarthritis

Posted by Dr.Tanushree (PT) on Dec 31, 2018 1:23:54 PM

OSTEOARTHRITIS (OA) which is also known as osteoarthrosis or degenerative joint disease (DJD), is a progressive disorder of the joints. The word osteoarthritis is derived from the Greek word parts below: osteo which means “of the bone”, arthr which means “joint”, itis which means “inflammation.

Osteoarthritis

Commonly known as wear and tear arthritis, is the most common type of arthritis. Occurs in the weight-bearing joints of the hips, knees, and spine. It also affects the fingers, thumb, neck, and large toe. Worldwide, there is estimated to be 250 million people affected by osteoarthritis of the knee, comprising of 3.6% of the total population. Approximately 80% of the population is likely to show radiographic evidence of bone degradation in the joints by the age of 65.

Causes:

Age: Most people over age 60 have OA to some degree, but its severity varies. Even people in their 20s and 30s can get osteoarthritis.

Genes: Various genetic traits can make a person more likely to develop OA.

Weight: Being overweight puts additional pressure on the hips and knees.

Gender: Women ages 55 and older are more likely than men to develop OA of the knee.

Injury and overuse: Repetitive movements or injuries to joints (such as a fracture, surgery or ligament tears) can lead to osteoarthritis

Certain occupations: If your job includes tasks that place repetitive stress on a particular joint, that joint may eventually develop OA

Others: Several factors like rheumatoid arthritis, certain metabolic disorders.

 Symptoms:

Symptoms of Osteoarthritis often develop slowly and worsen over time. Few of the symptoms commonly seen are;

Pain: Increases when you are active but gets a little better with rest

Crepitus: a Crackly sound that is heard when the knee moves

Tenderness/Inflammation: Your joint may feel tender when you apply light pressure to it.

Stiffness: Joint stiffness may be most noticeable when you wake up in the morning or after a period of inactivity

Loss of flexibility/ability: You may not be able to move your joint through its full range of motion

Bone spurs: These extra bits of bone which feel like hard lumps may form around the affected joint

Treatment:

Physiotherapy/Surgery: To improve joint mobility and flexibility thus relieving pain and return mobility. Repair or replace severely damaged joints, especially hips or knees. 

Supportive devices: Can help with function and mobility such as canes and knee supports.

Medicines: Pills, creams are injected into a joint

Sources:https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/7621.php, https://www.medicinenet.com/g00/arthritis/article.htmi10c.encReferrer=aHR0cHM6Ly93d3cuZ29vZ2xlLmFlLw%3D%3D&i10c.ua=1&i10c.dv=13, https://www.emedicinehealth.com/g00/arthritis/article_em.htmi10c.encReferrer=aHR0cHM6Ly93d3cuZ29vZ2xlLmFlLw%3D%3D&i10c.ua=1&i10c.dv=13, https://www.arthritis.org/about-arthritis/understanding-arthritis/what-is-arthritis.php

Topics: Fitness