Your liver is important, and it has many functions. Some of them are that it cleans your blood of toxins, gives you energy, produces bile for digestion, detoxifies chemicals and metabolizes drugs and also makes proteins important for blood clotting and other functions. Your liver processes what you eat and drink into nutrients your body uses and filters out harmful substances from your blood.
The best way to fight liver disease is to avoid it, if at all possible. Here are some of the ways to achieve liver wellness.
1. Maintain a healthy weight:
If you’re obese or even somewhat overweight, you’re in danger of having a fatty liver that can lead to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), one of the fastest growing forms of liver disease.
2. Eat a balanced diet:
Avoid high-calorie meals, saturated fat, refined carbohydrates (such as white bread, white rice, and regular pasta) and sugars. Opt for a well-balanced diet. Hydration is essential, so drink a lot of water.
3. Exercise regularly:
When you exercise consistently, it helps to burn triglycerides for fuel and can also reduce liver fat.
4. Avoid toxins:
Limit direct contact with toxins from cleaning and aerosol products, insecticides, chemicals, and additives. When you do use aerosols, make sure the room is ventilated, and wear a mask. Don’t smoke.
5. Use alcohol responsibly:
Alcoholic beverages can create many health problems. They can damage or destroy liver cells and scar your liver.
6. Avoid risky behavior:
Get help if you use illicit intravenous drugs, and don't share needles used to inject drugs. If you choose to have tattoos or body piercings, be picky about cleanliness and safety when selecting a shop.
7. Get medical care if you’re exposed to blood:
If for any reason you come into contact with someone else’s blood or body fluids, immediately follow up with your doctor.
8. Don’t share personal hygiene items:
For example, razors, toothbrushes and nail clippers can carry microscopic levels of blood or other body fluids that may be contaminated.
9. Practice safe sex:
Unprotected sex or sex with multiple partners increases your risk of hepatitis B and hepatitis C.
10. Wash your hands:
Use soap and warm water immediately after using the bathroom, when you have changed a diaper, and before preparing or eating food.
11. Follow directions on all medications:
Take prescription and nonprescription drugs only when needed and only in recommended doses. Don't mix medications and alcohol.
12. Get vaccinated:
There are vaccines for hepatitis A and hepatitis B. Unfortunately, there’s no vaccine against the hepatitis C virus.